April 11, 2024

Researchers from Torino, Italy, utilized Chat Generative Pretrained Transformer (ChatGPT), one of the most widely used chatbots, developed by OpenAI, to generate nutrition advice using prompts mimicking typical user questions to investigate the accuracy of advice provided. 

Results showed that ChatGPT offered mostly clear advice, however, when the chatbot handled overlapping conditions, limitations emerged, resulting in some contradictory or inappropriate advice, the authors noted in the Journal ‘Nutrients’.

“Although ChatGPT exhibited a reasonable accuracy in providing general dietary advice for NCDs, its efficacy decreased in complex situations necessitating customized strategies,” they concluded.

ChatGPT reliability

NCDs account for 74% of global deaths​, with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) being a major contributor: According to global estimates​, there are approximately 43.8 million cases of type 2 diabetes (T2DM), 18.5 million cases of hypertension and 1.2 billion cases of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) worldwide.

Lifestyle and dietary factors play a crucial role in NCDs, and online health information searches​ are on the rise.

ChatGPT, which uses machine learning algorithms to generate responses to text-based queries, mimicking human-like conversation, is gaining popularity​ as a source of personalized and immediate medical advice.

There is growing application of artificial intelligence (AI) in the domain of patient education and support, and an increasing interest among healthcare professionals​ to explore the tool’s potential to enhance patient care, diagnosis and treatment.

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